Cabinet nod to minimum wage bill and other news for 27 July

Union Cabinet clears minimum wage code bill

The Union Cabinet has approved the new wage code bill which will ensure a minimum wage across all sectors by integrating four labour related laws. Labour is on the concurrent list.

Highlights:

1.The Labour Code on Wages Bill will consolidate the

  • Minimum Wages Act, 1948
  • The Payment of Wages Act 1936  
  • The Payment of Bonus Act 1965
  • The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.
  1. Bill seeks to empower the Centre to set a minimum wage across all sectors in the country and states will have to maintain that. However, states will be able to provide for higher minimum wage in their jurisdiction than fixed by the central government.
  2. The minimum wage would be applicable on all classes of workers. At present, it is applicable for scheduled industries or establishments in the law.

Niti Aayog clears six proposals for high-tech public transport

Niti Aayog has cleared proposals of the transport ministry exploring options to improve public transport. These proposals include mass rapid transportation technologies such as hyperloop, metrino and pod taxis

What are Metrino, Pod taxi and Hyperloop?

  • Metrino: Fully automatic, driverless small pods travel independently suspended over an overhead network which is usually 5-10 meters above the ground.
  • Pod taxi: Small automated vehicles/podcars/cable cars which carry a small number of passengers. The ropeway-like system runs on electricity and driverless pods and comes down at designated stations, thus removing the traffic burden from crowded roads.
  • Hyperloop: A hyperloop comprises a sealed tube or series of tubes through which a pod may travel free of air resistance or friction conveying people or objects at speeds matching that of an aircraft.

Scientists to chase solar eclipse using NASA jets

The jets will capture the clearest images of the Sun’s corona to date and the first-ever thermal images of Mercury, revealing how temperature varies across the planet’s surface.

Why solar eclipse?

The total solar eclipse provides a rare opportunity for scientists to study the Sun, particularly its atmosphere. As the Moon completely covers the Sun and perfectly blocks its light during an eclipse, the typically faint corona is easily seen against the dark sky.

Why scientists are interested in studying the Corona?

  • The corona is heated to millions of degrees, yet the lower atmospheric layers like the photosphere – the visible surface of the Sun – are only heated to a few thousand degrees. Scientists are not sure how this inversion happens.
  • One theory proposes micro explosions, termed nanoflares – too small and frequent to detect individually, but with a large collective effect – might release heat into the corona. No one has yet directly seen nanoflares.

What is Corona?

The corona is the outermost layer of the Sun, starting at about 1300 miles (2100 km) above the solar surface (the photo-sphere). Can be only seen with the use of a coronagraph.


Important News For The Day

In a meeting of Labour and Employment Ministers’ held in Chongqing, China. BRICS countries passed BRICS Labour and Employment Ministerial Declaration.
2017 BRICS Summit to be held in Xiamen, China in September 2017.
IN SEARCH OF THE 8TH CONTINENT
Earth’s hidden eighth continent should be shown on maps, scientists have argued. Now, an expedition will dive into a plate that lies beneath another deep under the Pacific Ocean to find the contours of the 94% submerged continent -Zealandia, all we see of which is New Zealand and a few islands.
Source The Hindu

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