In News: No Detention Policy, Anti Racial Law, August 08 Complete News Analysis
Current Affairs and News Digest for August 08
Failing our children
Recent decision of Government on scrapping No-detention policy in school and its possible implication on primary education in India
What is the ‘no-detention policy’?
The right to education act provides the guarantee of uninterrupted schooling under sections 16 and 30(1) is founded on the no-detention policy until Class 8
Why is scrapping ‘no-detention policy’ a bad decision?
The no-detention policy to promote students automatically to higher classes every year till Class VIII was instituted to check the high number of dropouts. The socially and economically disadvantaged sections were getting the benefits of this policy
According to many experts, the NDP was wrongly interpreted to create an environment in which the significance of evaluating a student’s learning outcomes was undermined
Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE)
It is aimed to assess the child’s understanding of what was being taught in class at periodic intervals. This is the reason behind the decision of scrapping NDP, as this evaluation process shows bad results of evaluations of students
CCE and its drawbacks:
Teachers were not given adequate training to undertake this reform of CCE
Schools are not fully compliant with the RTE’s requirements on infrastructure and teacher availability.
The way forward
The RTE Act has a provision for continuous and comprehensive evaluation, the government should work on it. The move to scrap the NDP will make the RTE’s goal of inclusive education a very difficult one. The government should rethink the move.
States cold to stricter anti-racial law
The Home Ministry’s proposal to amend the law to insert two stricter anti-racial discrimination provisions in the Indian Penal Code has got a lukewarm response from the State.
4 States Uttar Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya and Mizoram, three Union Territories — Andaman and Nicobar, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Lakshadweep have given their assent to the proposed law.
The Home Ministry has proposed to amend two provisions in the IPC
- Section 153A
- Section 509A.
Matter of concurrent list so approval from states is must.
amendments were based on the recommendations of the Bezbaruah Committee, constituted by the Centre in February 2014 in the wake of a series of racial attacks on persons belonging to the northeast.
Draft 153 C IPC
Whoever promotes or attempts to promote, on the ground of race, racial features, behaviour, culture, customs or way of living, any act which is prejudicial to human dignity or dignity of members belonging to particular race and uses criminal force or violence in furtherance of such act, or, participates in such act intending to use criminal force or violence or knowing that participants in such act is likely to use criminal force or violence against the member of a race or cause or likely to cause fear or feeling of insecurity amongst the members of such race, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years and fine.
Section 509A IPC:
509A seeks to make any word, gesture or act intended to insult a member of a particular race with imprisonment that may extend to three years with fine.
India, Iran call for early operationalisation of Chabahar Port
India and Iran have expressed commitment for early completion and operationalisation of Chabahar Port besides strengthening bilateral ties.
Chabahar port is strategically located in the southeastern Sistan-Balochistan province, on the Gulf of Oman, near Iran’s border with Pakistan. In May 2016, India and Iran had signed a bilateral agreement, under which India agreed to refurbish one of the berths at Shahid Beheshti port, and reconstruct a 600-metre long container handling facility at the port.
Significance of Chabahar Port
- Alternative route to Afghanistan.
- It will boost India’s access to Iran, the key gateway to the International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC) that has sea, rail and road routes between India, Russia, Iran, Europe and Central Asia.
- It will be beneficial to India in countering Chinese presence in the Arabian Sea as China with help of Pakistan is developing the Gwadar port.
- Reduced cost of import of oil to India.
Assam declared as ‘disturbed’ area under AFSPA for another month
- After various violent activities by insurgent groups ULFA, NDFB, and others, Home Ministry has extended AFSPA for another one month.
- AFSPA has been continuing in Assam since November 1990. Presently AFSPA is enforced in the 6 states of North East (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland) and Jammu and Kashmir. It was lifted in Tripura in May 2015.
Key groups involved
- In Assam – ULFA, NDFB and others.
- Arunachal Pradesh – NSCN(K), NSCN(IM), ULFA, NDFB, and others
- Meghalaya too has witnessed violence by ULFA, NDFB militants in the recent past.
What is AFSPA?
The AFSPA was enacted by the parliament in 1958. It grants extra-ordinary powers and immunity to the armed forces to bring back order in the disturbed areas. Some of these extra-ordinary powers include fire upon anyone after giving warning who is acting against law & order in the disturbed area, arrest anyone without warrant, stop and search any vehicle or vessel, legal immunity to armed forces personnel for their actions.
Government merges NCRB with BPRD
The Union Home Ministry has merged three-decade old National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) with Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPRD)
About NCRB and BPRD
The NCRB was established in 1986 as the central police organisation to collect crime data, on various parameters, from across all the states of the country. The BPRD was established in 1970 as the national police organisation to study, research and develop on subjects and issues related to policing. Both the organisations were functioning under the aegis of Union Home Ministry.