Himachal Pradesh Geography at a Glance


Geography of Himachal Pradesh

  • Himachal literally meaning : Land of snow mountain
  • North latitude of Himachal Pradesh: 30-22’-40”N to 33-12’-40”
  • East latitude of himachal Pradesh : 75-47’-55”E to 79-04’-20”
  • Totally length of boundary : 1170 km
  • Total area of H.P.: 55,673
  • The state lying in the north of H.P: Jammu and Kashmir (The valley of Saffron)
  • The state lying in the south by: Haryana (the plane of kurukshetra of Mahabharata battle)
  • The state lying in the west of H.P. : Punjab (granary of india)
  • The state lying in the south- east of H.P.:  Uttaranchal (the land of holy Ganga)
  • The direction of himachal Pradesh in india map North –West
  • Himachal is situated at the center of Western Himalayas
  • In the north-east H.P. bounded with: Tibet (The land of Lamas)
  • Place of H.P. in term of geographical area among all state of India. 17th
  • Total percentage area of H.P. occupies in total geographical area of India: 1.7%

The Mountain System

The lower hill or shivaliks:

  • Literary meaning of shivaliks: Tresses of Lord Shiva
  • Altitude of shivaliks zone above sea level: 350m to 1500 m
  • Average of annual rainfall in shivalik zone is: 1500mm to 1800mm
  • In the ancients time shivaliks hill also known as: Manak Parbat
  • The area covered by the shivaliks hills are Lower parts of distt. Kangra ,Hamirpur , Una ,Bilaspur,Mandi , Solan and sirmaur
  • The shivaliks area is suitable for the cultivation for: Maize ,Weat ,Ginger ,Sugercane Paddy , table potatoes and citrus fruits

The Inner Himalayas or Mid Mountain

  • Inner Himalayas also known as: Lower Himalays or Central Zone
  • The altitude of Mid himalayays above from sea leavel 1500m or 4500 feet to 4500m or 13500m
  • Two famous range in Lesser Himalayas :

1)The Pir Panjal ( in distt. Chamba)

2) Dhauldhar range (in distt. Kangra)

  • Main species in the Inner HIMalayas are: Okes, chir, pine, deodar , blue pine, fir spruce hemlock rhododendron ,chestnut, walnut, sub-alpine ,alpine-pastture

Dhauladhar range :

  • Dhauldhar range also known as: The White Range

NOTE:- (Dhauldhar range break off from the Great Himalayan range near Badrinath and intercepted by Satluj at Rampur Bushahr, by Beas at Larji ,and Ravi at south –west of Chamba )

  • The mean elevation of Dhauladhar range is: 4550m
  • In Kangra valley the raise of Dhauladher is : 3600m
  • Meaning of Dhauldhar is: “Grayish White”
  • Another name of Dhaouldhar range: Molak Parvat

PIR PANJAL RANGE

  • Pir Panjal range is longest range of mountain failing in : Lesser Himalayas
  • Average elevation of Pir Panjal range: 4600m
  • Pir Panjal range mostly fall in distt.: Chamba

The Gerater Himalaya or Alpine Zone

  • The area under Alpine zone: Kinnaur district , Pangi tehsil of Chamba and some area of Lahul Spiti
  • Altitude of Alpine Zone above the sea level 4500
  • The climate and soil of Alpine Zone is best suited for the cultivation of : Dry Fruits
  • Apline Zone also known as: Northen Zone
  • Elevation of Grater Himalayas range lies between : 4500 m to 6000 m
  • Passes crosses the Greater Himalaya range: Baralacha and rohtang

Trans –himalayas

  • Area : Lahul-Spiti district and Pooh tehsil of kinnaur district
  • Zanskar:- Trans Himalayan part
  • It separates Spiti and Kinnaur from Tibet

  • Elevation:-6500m

  • Shilla (highest peak of himachal Pradesh ,7025 m )is part of this range

S.NO. Famous Peak Location Altitude To Mean Sea Level (Meters )
1. Shilla Kinnaur 7,025
2. Leo pargial(riwo phargyul) Kinnaur 6,791
3. Shipki Kinnaur 6,608
4. Manerang Spiti 6,597
5. Mulkila Lahaul-Spiti 6,520
6 Kinner Kalash Kinnaur 6,500
7 Jorkaden Knnaur 6,473
8 Dibibokri Pyramid Kullu 6,400
9 Gyephang Lahaul-Spiti 6,400
10 Phawarang Kinnaur 6,349
11 Shigrila Lahaul-Spiti 6,230
12 Indrassan Kullu-Manali 6,220
13 Shikar Beh Lahaul-Spiti 6,200
14 Mukar-Beh Lahaul-Spiti 6,070
15 Gepang Goh Lahual –Spiti 6,050
16 Deo Tibba Kullu 6,001
17 Solang Kullu 5,975
18 Pir Panjal Chamba 5,972
19 Maiwa kandinoo Kullu 5,944
20 Hanuman Tibba Kullu-Kangra 5,860
21 Bara Knada Bharmour 5,860
22 Pishu Kinnaur 5,671
23 Kailash Bharmour 5,660
24 Shltu Da Par Lahaul-Spiti 5,650
25 Gushu Kinnaur 5,607
26 Parangla Kullu 5,579
27 Raldang Kinnaur 5,499
28 Umasila Kullu 5,924
29 Shitidhar Kullu 5,290
30 Shirkhanda Kullu 5,182
31 Thamsar Chamba 5,080
32 Lachalungla Lahaul –Spiti 5,060
33 Murangla Lahaul-Spiti 5,060
34 Shirngla Lahaul-Spiti 4,999
35 Inder kila Kullu 4,940
36 Pin Parbati Kullu 4,800
37 Ghoralantinu Kullu-Kangra 4,760
38 Pataslu Kullu 4,470
39 Gauri Devi Ka Tibba Chamba 4,030
40 Hargaran Lahaul-Spiti 3,850
41 Narshing Tibba Chamba 3,730
42 Choordhar Shimla-Sirmour 3,647
43 Shacha Kullu 3,540
44 Cholang Dhauladhar range (Distt. Kangra) 3,270

RIVER SYSTEM

  • How many major river flow through the state H.P. – 5
  • Name of the rivers which flows through the state of H.P. Satluj ,Chenab , Ravi, Beas , Yamuna
  • The Easternmost river of H.P.:- Yamuna
  • Yamuna mythical associated with the :- Sun God
  • Yamuna enters in H.P.at :- Khoder Majra (Sirmaur)
  • Tons rises from :- Valley of Har-ki-dun (Feeder stream ‘Supin’ and Rupin )
  • Tons joins Yamuna at  place:- Kalsi (Place in Dehradun valley)
  • The river divides the Sirmaur district into two equal parts known as :- Giri (Cis –Giri and Trans-Giri)
  • Giri joins the Yamuna in Paonta below Mokkampur
  • The human settlement that have sprung up along the Giri river are:- Yashwantnagar,Dadahu(Renuka), Sataun
  • Pabber is the tributary of :- Gir
  • Pabber river rises from :- Chandernahan lake near Chanshal peak in Rohru (Dhauladhar range)
  • Giri river rises from :- Kupar peak near Jubbal
  • The Bata river originates from:- Dharthi range(lower slope of Nahan ridge)
  • Yamuna finally drained into:- Bay of Bengal
  • Longest river of H.P. :- Satluj
  • Satluj enters in Himachal from Tibet near a village NAMGIA at a place called:- Shipki-la (6608 m)
  • The river freezes occasionally in winter:- Spiti (tributary of Satluj)
  • Main settlements on Spiti bank are:- Hansi and Dhankar Gompa
  • Baspa river originates from :- Baspa Hill
  • Satluj leaves Kinnaur district and entered in distt. Shimla at:- Chauhra
  • Satluj touches kullu distt. At:- Nirmand tehsil (opposite to Rampur tehsil)
  • Satluj enters Mandi district at:- Firnu
  • Tributaries of Satluj in distt. Mandi:- Sinu,Bahlu Katlu, Behna ,Siman ,Bantrehr,Khadel,Bhagmati
  • Satluj enters Bilaspur district at :- Dehar
  • Satluj leaves Himachal and entered Punjab at:- Bhakra
  • Important hydroelectric project located on satluj are:- Prestigious Bhakra Dam , Prestigious Nathpa Jhakri , Rongtong , Sanjay Vidyut Pariyojna (Bhaba), Andhra, Binwa, Bassi, Baspa stage1 and 2, Ghanvi Project
  • River known as the brother of Baspa Satluj
  • Flood in river Satluj devastated Bilaspur town in:- 1762A.D.
  • Villages got submerged during the formation of Bhakra Dam 256
  • Satluj finally drained into:- Indus
  • Districts on the bank of Beas river:- Kullu , Mandi , Hamirpur and Kangra
  • Beas leaves himachal and entered Punjab at:- Mirthal
  • Tirthan river join Beas at:-  Larji
  • Tirthan rises from :- Pir-Panjal range
  • Main tributary of Beas is Parvati river join Beas at:- Shamshi
  • Sainj river join the Beas river at:- Larji
  • Beas enters Mandi district at :- Bajaura
  • Beas leaves kullu district at:- Nagwain
  • The river which was known as ‘River of Sorrow’of Punjab but after constructed oof Pon Dam it has now become a “Harbinger of Prosperty” is:- Beas
  • The place where ‘Beas Rishi’ and ‘Beas Kund meat to form RIVER BEAS:- Palachan village
  • Water of Beas river has been diverted at pandoh through a tunnel so as to merge with Satluj at:- Slapper
  • Chamba is situated on the right bank of the river :- Ravi
  • Ravi leave Chamba and entered Punjab at:- Kheri
  • The name given to river Ravi by Greek historian of Alexander is:- Hydraster
  • Ravi merged in Chenab in :- Pakistan
  • Chandra and Bhaga meet to form river Chenab at:- Tandi (Lahaul)
  • Chenab enters Pangi Valley of Chenab district at:-Rihund
  • In H.P. gold is found in the river:- Chandrabhaga
  • River Chenab finally joins the:- Arabian sea
  • Swan river is in district:- Una
  • River known as ‘River of Sorrow In Una Swan
  • Old name of river Swan is :- Som Bhadra
  • Imala and Vimla river valley is in :- Karsog
  • River imla rises in :- Mahun Dhong
  • Vimla river rises in Gudha
  • Imla and Vimla rivers meet Satluj in Karsog at :- Parlog
  • Greek used to call river Chenab as:- Asisenes
  • Chenab leaves Chamba and entered Jammu and Kashmir at:- Sansari Nala
  • The river Beas joins the satluj at:- Har –ka –Patun
  • The local name of rivers Chandra and Bhaga are:- Chandra-rangoli, Bhaga – Gara(punn)
  • The largest river in term of amount of water is:- Chenab
  • The place near Dalhousie from where one can have a full view on a clear day of three main river of Himachal namely Beas ,Ravi and Chenab Dain Kund

Comments