In News: IPC 365, ISRO, Kyoto Protocol, August 10 Complete News Analysis

Current Affairs and News Digest for August 10

Marital rape is not penal offence : Supreme Court

In a response to plea questioning the constitutionality of a provision permitting a man to have physical relationship with his wife even if she is aged between 15 and 18,  SC verdict that it can’t be declared as criminal Act. SC now sought centre’s response in the matter.

  • Apex Court ruled that Section 365 of IPC has defined definition of rape  which has a exception clause that says the intercourse or sexual act by a man with his wife, not below 15 years, is not a rape.
  • The apex court also said that marriage of a girl, who is below the age of 15 years, was “illegal”.
  • It also asked Centre to apprise it about appointment of the Child Marriage Prohibition Officers (CMPO) under statutory provisions in the country and posted the matter for hearing after four weeks.

What petitioner say ?

The NGO in its petition sought direction to declare exception 2 to Section 375 of the IPC as “violative of Articles 14, 15 and 21 of the Constitution to the extent that it permits intrusive sexual intercourse with a girl child aged between 15 and 18 years, only on the ground that she has been married.

Petitioner referred it against (POCSO), 2012, and said these provisions were contrary to the IPC provision.

ISRO to develop full-fledged Earth observation satellite

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) says it plans to launch a full-fledged niche Earth observation (EO) satellite — called the Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite or HySIS.
  • ‘Hyspex’ imaging is said to enable distinct identification of objects, materials or processes on Earth by reading the spectrum for each pixel of a scene from space.
  • Experts called it the ‘CATSCAN’ equivalent of Earth from space, hyspex technology was still an evolving science.

About ISRO

Established on 15 August 1969 Headquarters at Bangalore, Primary spaceport – Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh

District Judges May Get Powers of Tribunals

In a bid to integrate tribunals and commissions, scattered across states, with the existing judicial mechanism, the Union government and the Supreme Court are considering vesting powers of tribunals and commissions in sitting judges.

Proposed Provisions

  1. Granting more powers to District judges, the government and the SC want to increase accountability of judges.
  2. District judges should be empowered to decide on matters dealt by tribunals and commissions that have overlapping jurisdictions and are manned by retired persons.
  3. The appellate forum against decisions by the district judges could also be provided in a high court.
  4. It has been further proposed that “disposal targets” can be provided to “tribunals” and their “efficiency, discipline and integrity” can be monitored by high court(s).

India ratifies 2nd commitment period of Kyoto Protocol

India has ratified the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (or Doha Amendment) that commits countries to contain the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs).

India became the 80th country to accept the amendment relating to the second commitment period (2013- 2020) of the Kyoto Protocol.

About Kyoto Protocol

  • The Kyoto Protocol is an international GHGs emissions reduction treaty linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Adopted in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997 and entered into force in February 2005.
  • The protocol is based on principle of equity and Common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities (CBDR).
  • The first commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol was from 2008-2012. The second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol or Doha Amendment for 2013-2020 period was adopted in 2012.

Unique initiative to promote small family norm

  • The Rajasthan government’s Medical and Health Department has decided to organise “Saas-Bahu Sammelans” in over 16,200 villages of 14 districts to promote the small family norm with emphasis on development of local communities.
  • And to achieve the family planning targets.
  • Step against high fertility rate
  • The 14 districts of the State have reported a high fertility rate in the past.

India was ranked last at 43rd position in 2017 Global Retirement Index (GRI) published by French asset management company Natixis Global. Global Ranking – Norway (1), Switzerland (2), Iceland (3), Sweden(4), New Zealand (5)

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