Water Resources of Himachal Pradesh- Hot, Cold Water Spring and Kund

Himachal Pradesh has abundant water resources. From some breathtaking waterfalls to springs and Kund this state is blessed with a lot of natural resources.

Rainfall And Snowfall

  • The average annual rainfall in H.P.is 63-65inches(181.6cm)
  • More than half of rainfall in the Himalayas occur due to South –West Monsoon
  • The snowline in H.P. is 4,500m
  • The 33% area of H.P. remain under permanent snow.
  • In Dhauladhar mountain range ,snowline starts at a place called ILA
  • The place receives the lowest annual rainfall in H.P. is Spiti(50mm)
  • The place receives the heaviest rainfall in H.P.is Dharmashala (3400mm)(340cms)
  • Rainy season in H.P. is locally called Barsat
  • Hot season in Himachal is locally known as Taundi
  • Cold season in Himachal is locally known as Hiyund
  • Spiti is the driest area in Himachal Pradesh ,having lowest rainfall and hence called as Cold desert

Waterfalls of Himachal Pradesh

  • Satdhara waterfall near Panjpulla is in district Chamba
  • Rahalla waterfall is in Kullu
  • Chadwick waterfall is in Summer Hill (Shimla)
  • Kalika waterfall is in district Chamba
  • Dhanchho waterfall is in district Chamba(Bharmour)
  • Bhagsunath waterfall is in Dharmashala (McLeod gang)
  • Sissu waterfall is in Lahaul
  • Bundla waterfall is in district Kangra (Palampur)
  • Palani waterfall is in Kullu
  • Jogini waterfall is in Mandi
  • Chobu waterfall is in Baijnath

Kund of Himachal Pradesh

Kund

District

Vyas kund,Nehru kund(Manali (named so because Jawahar Lal Nehru used to love it)), Vashishta kund(Manali) Kullu
Achhar kund Kangra (bhawan )
Kurukshetra kund , chakra kund ,Rama kund, Sita kund,Rukmani kund Bilaspur
Kopra kund (Nadaun) Hamirpur
Kalika kund , Gauri kund Mehal Nag (Churah valley),Dain kund Chamba
Lunani and Salol kund(discovered by capt. A.Coleman ),Baijnath kund(plum valley) Kangra
Guru kund (Nalagrah) Solan
  • Sar Kund is located near Rohtang pass
  • Gauri Kund near Mani Mahesh where women take a holy dip. it is said that goddess Parvati used to bath in this Kund
  • Dain Kund affords a beautiful view of the three rivers Ravi, Beas ,Chenab on a clear day

Bridges

  • Kandror bridge was constructed in 1965 over Satluj in district Bilaspur (Ghumarwin ).It is the highest bridge in Asia (60m)
  • Ponta Bridge- over river Yamuna and connects Nahan –Dherudun
  • Kandror Bridge –over river Satluj and connects Bilaspur-Hamirpur
  • Slapper Bridge –over river Satluj and connects Shimla-Mandi
  • Luhri Bridge-Over river Satluj and connects Shimla –kullu
  • Wangtu Bridge- over river Satluj connects Shimla- Kinnaur
  • Tattapani Bridge- over river Satluj connect Shimla –Mandi
  • Sona Bridge- over river Sona and connects Kangra and Una district with Hoshiarpur
  • Dehra Gopipur Bridge –over river Beas connect Dharmashala and Hoshiarpur
  • Ghambar Bridge over river Ghambar connecting Bilaspur and Kiratpur
  • Victoria Bridge –over river Beas connecting Mandi-Pathankot
  • Nadaun Bridge –over river Beas connecting Jawalamukhi –Hamirpur
  • Pandoh Bridge –over river Beas connecting Kullu and Mandi
  • Kharamukha Bridge – over river Ravi connecting Chamba –Bharmour
  • Chamba Bridge –over river Ravi connecting Chamba –Pathankot
  • Rakh bridge – over river Ravi connecting Chamba –Bharmour
  • Chakki Bridge – over river chakki connecting Kangra and Pathankot
  • Sataun Bridge-over river Giri connects Jagadhri –Rajban
  • Victoria bridge was constructed in Mandi town over river Beas by Raja Bir Sen in 1877AD

Hot Water Spring:-

There are plenty of resources of Hot water spring in Himachal Pradesh.

1. Kullu District:

  • Manikarn Spring
  • Kasol Spring
  • Pulga spring
  • Khirganga Spring
  • Vashisht Spring
  • Kalath Spring

2. Shimla District:- Jeori Spring

3. Mandi District :- Tattapani Spring

4. Kangra District :- Salol Spring

  • Salol Spring
  • Tira Spring

5. Solan District :- Jaoni Spring

6. Kinnaur District:- Changrizang Spring

7. Sirmaur District :- Shivapuri Spring

8. Chamba District:-

  • Nagini Spring
  • Tilmili spring

Also Read : Lakes in Himachal Pradesh

  • Manikaran located in Parvati valley. The bath in the water of this spring to be useful for curing pneumonia, gout, rheumatism, muscular pains and bronchitis quite rapidly.
  • According to a legend, Tattapani hot water springs came into being as saint Jamdagini dig them out to entertain his guest King.
  • Tilmili is the name of that large natural spring at village Dharwas 9 km. from Pangi, from where water used to be sent to the Raja of Chamba.

Cold Water Spring of Himachal Pradesh

  • Cold water spring is at Rudra Nag 12km. from Manikaran (Kullu)

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